Munitions used by city, county, state, and federal law enforcement against racial justice protesters in Portland, Oregon:

Item Manufacturer Name Safety Data Sheet Spec Sheet
Small dimpled spheres that resemble golf balls are pictured on the ground. Their paint colors vary, but the ones pictured are red and a gradient of white to yellow to Orange to pink and red. These dimples function to make the spheres noticeably more aerodynamic when propelled. They’re made of a smooth plastic like substance that appears hard to the touch. Much like a smaller golf ball. Qian Wei Paintball Support Co.Ltd P.Round™
Small dimpled spheres that resemble golf balls are pictured on the ground. Their paint colors vary, but the ones pictured are red and a gradient of white to yellow to Orange to pink and red. These dimples function to make the spheres noticeably more aerodynamic when propelled. They’re made of a smooth plastic like substance that appears hard to the touch. Much like a smaller golf ball. Qian Wei Paintball Support Co.Ltd P.Round™
The Stinger 60Cal Rubber Ball canister reads; 40mm smokeless powder. The canister is a dull grey of slightly textured metal. Slight scratches in the metal almost indistinguishable to the touch. The back says it’s made by Defence Technology. To be used by trained law enforcement, correctional or military personnel. Not to be used for operations after 5 years from the date of manufacture. Below this it says Safariland Defense Technology® Stinger® 40 mm 60-Caliber Rubber Balls Round Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
The SKAT Shell is pictured on concrete ground, held in place by a person’s hand with gun metal grey nailpolish. The shell is a long cylindrical tube with a lip at the bottom, similar to a shotgun shell. It’s made of what looks like stainless steel or aluminum. Silver in color. Faint scratch lines along the metal that are more known than felt. It looks to be about 5 inches long. Stamped on the shell in a thin paint designed for metal cans like soda pop and beer are the words; Defence Technology, SKAT shell, CS, 40 millimeter multiple projectile. SAFARILAND is written at the bottom with a part number and expiration date. Defense Technology® Skat Shell® 40 mm Multiple Projectile Round, CS Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
A long cylinder is pictured on the ground with smooth concrete beneath it. The cylinder is roughly 5 inches long and made of a shiny silver metal, such as aluminum or steel. There is a lip at the bottom like one would find on a shotgun shell. Stamped on the metal are the words Defence Technology, Spede-Heat, Saf Smoke, 40 millimeter long range - 150 yard, 40 millimeter single projectile. The lettering on the shell has been damaged and is largely illegible. Defense Technology® Spede-Heat™ 40 mm Long-Range Round, Saf-Smoke™ Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
An aluminum cylinder of roughly 5 inches long and 40 millimeters wide is pictured on a smooth concrete floor. The cylinder is stamped with metal paint that reads; CM, Skat Shell, Saf-Smoke, 40 millimeter multiple projectile The shell has a Defence Technologies logo on the bottom of it, and a warning message below it indicating this product is for authorized personnel only. Beneath this it says Safariland above an experation date and a product number. The shell itself resembles a large shotgun shell, lipped at the bottom of the cylander. Defense Technology® Skat Shell® 40 mm Multiple Projectile Round, Saf-Smoke™ Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
The casings for 4 direct impact rounds are pictured. The casing appears to the eye, short and stubby compared to other shell casings pictured in this library. In truth, the munition is about the same length as all of the other rounds when the foam bullet is housed within it. Without the foam round, the casing is only just over two inches long. Lettering on the casing says Direct Impact Marking in green paint on the smooth aluminum. The round is lipped at the bottom and from this angle we can see where the firing pin is meant to strike to ignite the black powder and propell the round. The firing pin strike zone is made of copper or brass and slightly dimpled in the very center. Numbers are inset into the metal on either side of the strike zone. Defense Technology® Direct Impact® 40 mm Marking Crushable Foam Round Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
A 2 inch long 40 millimeter aluminum shell is pictured. It’s silver with black writing that says eXact iMpact. Two Marking Round version tops with the paint foam broken apart but still visible on top of the black insert. Defense Technology® eXact iMpact™ 40 mm Standard Range Sponge Round Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
A hand is pictured holding a old silver can with orange writing that says TD Aerosol OC/CS Defense Technology. the canister is an aluminum cylinder, with a lip at the top of the tubing, and a spring mechanism that makes the canister resemble a grenade. Defense Technology® OC/CS Aerosol Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
An old silver spent grenade can is pictured with white writing that says CM Riot control, CS, Defense Technology the canister has four relief holes machined into the top of the canister, and a spring mechanism that appears to be the trigger mechanism sits in the exact center of the lid. Defense Technology® Riot Control Continuous Discharge Grenade, CS Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
A hand is pictured holding a old aluminum, silver canister, with orange writing that says ‘TD flameless tri-chamber oc Defense Technology’ A mechanism at the top made of black plastic appears to be some kind of grenade trigger. Like an old bug bomb cannister. It’s lipped at the top of the aluminum cannister, where the lid is crimped over the canister, shaped like a cylinder. The metal is worn and scraped and dented. Defense Technology® Flameless Tri-Chamber OC Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
An old, small, silver grenade canister is pictured with yellow writing that says TD Pocket Tactical SAF Smoke, the aluminum canister is nearly 5 inches long but only about an inch and a half in diameter. The trigger mechanism is black plastic, with a long plastic compression arm. The security ring is missing from the smoke grenade, because it’s been used. Defense Technology® Pocket Tactical Grenade, Saf-Smoke™ Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
old small aluminum grenade canister with blue writing that says TD Pocket Tactical CS, the canister is a roughly 5 inch long cylinder of about an inch and a half in diameter. The black plastic fuse trigger has broken off to reveal the metal fuse trigger components and cannister plug. The canister is covered in scorch marks and scuffs from its use in the field. Defense Technology® Pocket Tactical Grenade, CS Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
three parts of a Defense Technology Triple Chaser SAF Smoke Grenade set next to each other with yellow text identifying the canisters. The canisters are aluminum, and designed to stack together, so there’s a flared aluminum seat above 2 of the 3 canisters, resembling a small cookie tin without a lid. On the third piece, a lid is crimped on smoothly with a trigger mechanism within the lid. The trigger mechanism here is shown as metal components missing pieces due to being used. Around the trigger mechanism, 4 holes are machined into the trigger lid surrounding the trigger machanism itself. Inside the seats of the two canisters without triggers, 4 machined holes set into their lids around the center of the canister, and a 5th hole in their centers. Defense Technology® Triple-Chaser® Separating Canister, Saf-Smoke™ Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
three parts of a Defense Technology Triple Chaser CS Grenade set next to each other with black scuffed text identifying the canisters. The canisters are aluminum, and designed to stack together, so there’s a flared aluminum seat above 2 of the 3 canisters, though this is not shown well here as one of the canisters seems to have fallen apart and the other appears to have nearly completely melted, the flared aluminum seats usually resemble a small cookie tin without a lid. On the third piece, a lid is crimped on smoothly with a trigger mechanism within the lid. The trigger mechanism here is shown with the plastic trigger still covering the metal trigger mechanism. Around the trigger mechanism, 4 holes are machined into the trigger lid surrounding the trigger machanism itself. Inside the seats of the two canisters without triggers, 4 machined holes set into their lids around the center of the canister, and a 5th hole in their centers. Though this is not shown for the melted canister. Defense Technology® Triple-Chaser® Separating Canister, CS Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
two exploded CM Instantaneous Blast OC Grenade cans from defense technology orange writing on split silver cans. The lids have been completely blown off and the canisters have split along 6 different seems in pre-machined grooves. Defense Technology® Instantaneous Blast OC Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
exploded CM Instantaneous Blast CS Grenade cans from defense technology are pictured with blue writing identifying the type of munition on split aluminum canister, The lids have been completely blown off and the canisters have split along 6 different seems in pre-machined grooves. Defense Technology® Instantaneous Blast CS Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
An old green smoke grenade canister with yellow writing that says CM military style maximum smoke HC Defense Technology sitting on a car seat with other munitions behind it. The canister is nearly 2.5 inches in diameter and 5.5 inches long. The black plastic trigger cap and lever have come off during use. It’s covered in a thin layer of dust or residue. Defense Technology® Maximum HC Smoke Military-Style Canister Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet Source
Two old aluminum smoke grenade canisters are pictured with green writing that says CM Green Smoke Defense Technology. Both still retain their black plastic trigger mechanism covers, but neither have their fuse rings. Both have been used. The 6 inch tall, nearly two and a half inch wide aluminum canister has a crimped smooth lid at the top, securing the fuse plug in place. Defense Technology® Military-Style Green Smoke Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
Three old aluminum canisters with orange writing that says CM Military Style Orange Smoke Defense Technology are pictured. The each retain their black plastic trigger mechanisms but no fuse rings. They are over 5 inch long aluminum metal cylanders with a lipped lid securing the fuse plug, which has been smoothly crimped the the cylinder’s body. The canisters pictured are damaged, dented, and it appears one has been run over. Defense Technology® Military-Style Orange Smoke Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
handle holding two pepper balls in an open palm, one is purple, one is half purple half white. The Pepper Balls are made of a smooth plastic. Each half is capped together like a plastic easter egg. Inside, compacted white powder is just barely visible beneath the purple transparent caps. PepperBall® INERT Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
four old aluminum grenade canisters are pictured with yellow writing that says CM SAF Smoke White Defense Technology they each retain parts of their black plastic trigger mechanisms but non of them are pictured with their levers or their fuse rings. They’re cylanders that resemble a pringles can with smoothly crimped lids to secure the trigger mechanisms in place. Metal support joysts secure the trigger mechanism further, to prevent shifting or bending. Defense Technology® Military-Style Saf-Smoke™ Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
five half-black half-red pepper balls, three broken open two intact, surrounding a green marking pepper ball are pictured on the ground. They’re plastic balls, round and smooth, made up of two parts that snap together like an Easter Egg. Inside the intact ones we can just barely see compacted powder. Outside the broken ones, they are covered in a white dust. PepperBall® LIVE-X™ Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
fn303 rounds are pictured, some are intact and some just pieces of broken plastic casings, but horrible bismuth beads are seen up front in the intact balls. They look a lot like pepper balls, round and plastic, two halves snapped together like sinister Easter Eggs, but the have stabilizers on the bottom to direct their impact. Rough plastic with channels for aerodynamic performance. FN America PAVA/OC Powder Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
fn303 rounds are pictured, some are intact and some just pieces of broken plastic casings, but horrible bismuth beads are seen up front in the intact balls. They look a lot like pepper balls, round and plastic, two halves snapped together like sinister Easter Eggs, but the have stabilizers on the bottom to direct their impact. Rough plastic with channels for aerodynamic performance. FN America Washable Paint Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
components of a black plastic, ball hand grenade, about softball sized, shaped like a ball, but broken and split apart. The trigger mechanisms popped off, missing their black plastic trigger caps. A gasget is also pictured that seems to fit between the two halves of the grenade. Defense Technology® Stinger® 32 Caliber Rubber Ball Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
The casing for a direct impact rounds is pictured. The casing appears to the eye, short and stubby compared to other shell casings pictured in this library. In truth, the munition is about the same length as all of the other rounds when the foam bullet is housed within it. Without the foam round, the casing is only just over two inches long. Lettering on the casing says Direct Impact OC in orange paint on the smooth aluminum. The round is lipped at the bottom and from this angle we can see where the firing pin is meant to strike to ignite the black powder and propell the round. The firing pin strike zone is made of copper or brass and slightly dimpled in the very center. Defense Technology® Direct Impact® 40 mm OC Crushable Foam Round Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
3 fn303 rounds are pictured with yellow paint, some are intact and some just pieces of broken plastic casings, but horrible bismuth beads are seen up front in the intact balls. They look a lot like pepper balls, round and plastic, two halves snapped together like sinister Easter Eggs, but the have stabilizers on the bottom to direct their impact. Rough plastic with channels for aerodynamic performance. FN America Indelible Paint Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
five half-black half-red pepper balls, three broken open two intact, surrounding a green marking pepper ball are pictured on the ground. The green marking round is a plastic bal seemed together, meant to break upon impact. The plastic is opaque and the contents aren’t visible. It resembles a paintball. PepperBall® MARKING Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
small silver grenade can with blue writing that says 8230 Tactical Grenade CS Smoke. The cylander is plugged with the trigger mechanism. This one has it’s lever and fuse ring in tact as it has not been used.. Combined Systems, Inc. Tactical Grenade CS Smoke Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
two 40 mm shells with yellow writing, one that says skat shell saf smoke, but the focal one being the next one saying 4210 40mm white smoke. also an impact baton and part of a triple chaser Combined Systems, Inc. 40MM Outdoor White Smoke Long Range Source
four silver shells with blue writing and stripes Combined Systems, Inc. 40mm Riot CS Smoke Projectile
40 mm shell with yellow writing, 40mm white smoke multi projectile (3). a hand with a black nitrile glove holds it Combined Systems, Inc. 40mm White Smoke Multi Projectile (3)
old silver spent grenade can with white writing that says CM yellow smoke Defense Technology Defense Technology® Yellow Smoke Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
a hand ball rubber black grenade, about softball sized, with white writing that says Grenade non lethal Combined Systems, Inc. Grenade, Non-Lethal
two red powder balls with the globe clearish red plastic indicative of a RAP4 round RAP4 PAVA Less Lethal
half red half white pepper ball in tact. PepperBall® LIVE™ Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
old silver spent grenade can with blue writing and lines but its all banged up and coated with gunk so hard to read Combined Systems, Inc. Riot CS Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
smushed 40 mm shell silver with black writing smokeless 60 cal rubber pellet CTS and black lines Combined Systems, Inc. 40MM Sting-BALLTM Smokeless 60CAL Rubber Pellet Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
a hand ball rubber black grenade, about softball sized, with white writing that says CTS and then a lot of tiny writing Combined Systems, Inc. STING BALL Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
hand holding a Sage-Co Inc. imapct baton firing round with a human istick figure in a circle Sage Control Ordnance Inc. 37MM Sage Rifled - Impact
old small silver grenade can with green writing that says TD Pocket Tactical green smoke Defense Technology® Pocket Tactical Grenade, Green Smoke™ Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet Source
40mm shell with orange writing that says CM muzzle blast OC Defense Technology® Muzzle Blast 40 mm Round, OC Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet Source
40 mm shell with blue witing that says CM spede-heat cs Defense Technology® Spede-Heat™ 40 mm Long-Range Round, CS Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet Source
black grenade with a grey label and black and white writing that says Low Roll Distraction Device Defense Technology sitting on a car seat with other munitions behind it Defense Technology® Low Roll® 12-Gram Non-Reloadable Distraction Device® Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet Source
silver grenade can with black top and blue writing that says Flameless Tri-Chamber CS and has a hole in the bottom center, background is white paper with a shadow Defense Technology® Flameless Tri-Chamber CS Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
smaller silver grenade can with orange writing that says Pocket Tactical OC, background is white paper with a shadow Defense Technology® Pocket Tactical Grenade, OC Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet
two un exploded stinger rubber ball CS grenades black with blue label with white writing on it that says Stinger Rubberl ball CS, background is white paper with shadows Defense Technology® Stinger® CS Caliber Rubber Ball Grenade Safety Data Sheet Specification Sheet


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This work is funded by DAPPER Stats.


2020 DAPPER Stats